Inter-child Behavioral Relativity

This work explores new research opportunities for ubiquitous technologies to contribute to childhood education environment like kindergartens. We envision that kindergartens are highly fertile and fascinating observational settings as children of similar ages share their environment and experiences, practicing social interactions and receiving preliminary education together. Our intuition is that focusing on how each child behaves or responds distinctly under shared situations, namely inter-child behavioral relativity, would lead to early and rich understanding of each child’s character, talents, or needs. To this end, wearable sensor technology can be well-fit as it delivers quantitative bases reflecting each child’s physical behaviors, which is an essential prerequisite to make comparisons across them and evaluate their relativity. Our particular choice of their behavioral aspects as the major means of understanding comes from the developmental nature of children that behavioral expressions still dominate their total expressiveness, which is also well recommended by kindergarten teachers.

As an initial effort to study the inter-child behavioral relativity and its potential contribution to childhood education environment, we conducted field studies in a real kindergarten class by utilizing wearable sensor technologies on the children and deploying sensor data monitoring environment in the classroom. Various analyses have delivered a large volume of notable moments showing a single or some children’s behavioral relativity, convincing the kindergarten teachers’ understanding in charge of those children or even bringing new discoveries regarding the children which the teachers have not been aware of. Verifying our intuition and its feasibility, we have been developing highly specialized application and framework system monitoring situation-specific inter-child behavioral relativity.


Inseok Hwang, Hyukjae Jang, Lama Nachman, and Junehwa Song. “Exploring Inter-child Behavioral Relativity in a Shared Social Environment: A Field Study in a Kindergarten“, in Proceedings of ACM UbiComp 2010, Copenhagen, Denmark, Sept, 2010. (acceptance rate: 39/202 = 19.3%) [Paper]
Inseok Hwang, Hyukjae Jang, Taiwoo Park, Aram Choi, Youngki Lee, Chanyou Hwang, Yanggui Choi, Lama Nachman, Junehwa Song, “Leveraging Children’s Behavioral Distribution and Singularities in New Interactive Environments: Study in Kindergarten Field Trips“, in Proceedings of Pervasive 2012, Newcastle, UK, June, 2012 (acceptance rate: 28/138 = 20.3%) [Paper]
Hyukjae Jang, Sungwon Peter Choe, Inseok Hwang, Chanyou Hwang, Lama Nachman,  Junehwa Song, “RubberBand: Augmenting Teacher’s Awareness of Spatially Isolated Children on Kindergarten Field Trips“, in Proceedings of ACM Ubicomp 2012, Pittsburg, USA, Sept, 2012 (acceptance rate: 58/301 = 19.3%) [Paper] [Media Coverage: NewScientist]

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